Wash your hand rightly is very important to protect yourself and near once to get sick.
Here you will learn about how to wash your hands to stay appropriately.
How Virus Spread
Handwashing prevents the respiratory and diarrheal infection, which can be transmitted from one person to another. Virus can be spread by a person , object or surface :
Viruses can be spread when you touch your eyes, nose, and mouth with unwashed hands.
When you prepare or eat food with unwashed hands, germs can be spread..
When you drink water, juice, or milk with unwashed hands, germs can be spread.
When you cough or sneeze into your hands and then touch other people or objects.
Key Times to Wash Hands
It’s essential to stay healthy by washing your hands regularly. We tried to list down the crucial times when you have to wash your hands:
Wash your hands when you come from outside.
Wash your hands before, during, and after preparing food.
Wash your hands before having meal and after having meal.
Wash your hand after using bathroom .
Wash your hand when you touch your garbage.
Wash your hands when you give food to pets or touch them.
Wash your hands before and after you care for someone who is sick.
Wash your hands when you are sneezing and coughing.
Importance of handwashing during COVID-19 pandemic
As we all know, right now, no medicine is developed to treat Covid-19. So, all of us must stay healthy and avoid getting sick. When you come in physical contact with someone who already has coronavirus infection. So to keep Covid-19 disease away, it’s better to keep yourself clean, and handwashing is vital in that aspect.
It’s essential to wash your hand after travel or visit any public place. As you may have touched items or surfaces such as door handles, gate, tables, ATM, etc. which is infected.
It’s also important to wash your hands when you touch your face.
Steps to wash your hands
Wash your hand is a perfect and effective way to prevent the virus to infect yourself. Clean hands avoid the spread of bacteria or viruses from one person to another. It is the best way to prevent community spread of coronavirus as well.
Follow these five steps of handwashing every time.
First, Wet your hand in running water and turn off the tap.
Apply soap on the front and back and of your hand as well as in between fingers.
Now scrub your hands for a minimum of 20 seconds.
Rinse your hands under clean running water and wash away the soap.
Dry your hands with a clean towel, tissue paper, or air dryer.
Use of Hand Sanitizer
There is many times in a day when you don’t have access to soap and water, then it’s better to use hand alcohol-based hand sanitizer. Effective Sanitizer must contain a minimum of 60% alcohol.
The best way to wash your hand is through soap and water. But yes, at times when we travel or go outside, then we don’t have access to water and soap all the time, and during those times, hand sanitizer is the only option as hand sanitizer is easy to carry anywhere. We must use hand sanitizer, which contains a minimum of 60% alcohol. So before buying any sanitizer, please check the label that Sanitizer includes a minimum of 60% alcohol.
Sanitizers are useful but not in all situations. Yes, it reduces the germs on your hand by killing the germs. However, Sanitizer is not effective when the hands are visibly filthy and greasy as well as it also not completely remove the chemicals from pesticides and heavy metals. So, try to wash your hand with water and soap whenever possible and when it’s not possible, then only use sanitizers.
Important: Use of alcohol-based Sanitizer is dangerous also as alcohol is acid, and it is dangerous if you swallow alcohol-based Sanitizer. Also, acid catches fire quickly, so avoid cooking or fire-related work for a minimum of 3 minutes.
Steps to use hand sanitizer
First, apply the sanitizer gel in your hands.
Rub your hands gently.
Rub the sanitizer gel properly on your hands and between the fingers till it gets dry.
As we all know, Coronavirus made the world stop. Corona Virus is a common virus that develops an infection in the upper throat, nose, or sinuses.
Earlier Coronaviruses are typical viruses and not dangerous to affect people that much that cause people to die. But after the China outbreak in December 2019, the WHO (World Health Organization) identified a more robust version of Coronavirus named Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus2(SARS-CoV2). This virus gives birth to Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19).
What is COVID-19 (Coronavirus Disease, 2019)?
Disease caused by the respiratory tract Infection is called Covid19 or Coronavirus illness in 2019. It causes infection in your upper respiratory tract, i.e., throat, nose, and sinuses or lower respiratory tract, i.e., windpipe and lungs.
Covid-19 outbreak spreading very fast in all parts of the world. As we already know, coronaviruses mainly spread through person-to-person contacts. Infection due to Coronavirus is mild to severe.
Human Coronavirus are of seven types. Not all Coronavirus is a danger for humanity.
Four out of seven human coronavirus products the mild symptoms like the common cold.
1. Human Coronavirus OC43: Human Coronavirus OC43 (HCoV-OC43) infects humans and cattle is a member of Betacoronavirus 1. it comes from Betacoronavirus genus . HCoV-OC43 subgenus is Embecovirus. Main symptom of this virus is common cold.
2. Human Coronavirus HKU1: Human Coronavirus HKU1 (HCoV-HKU1) is very similar to Human Coronavirus OC43 (75% identical to the OC43 genome). This Coronavirus originated from mice. Its main symptoms are common cold, pneumonia, and bronchiolitis. It originated from Honk Kong in January 2005.
3. Human Coronavirus 229E: Human and bats get infected by Human Coronavirus 229E (HCoV-229E). It comes from genus Alphacoronavirus. HCoV-229E subgenus is Duvinacovirus. This virus is also responsible for the common cold.
4. Human Coronavirus NL63:In late 2004, First case of Human Coronavirus NL63 (HCoV-NL63) identified in Netherlands .This virus is also a member of Alphacoronavirus (α-CoV). These virus symptoms are mild to severe. In upper respiratory tract infections (mild to moderate), it affects nose, sinuses, pharynx, or larynx. And in lower respiratory tract infections (severe), it affects the lung, abscess, and acute bronchiolitis.
Remaining three coronaviruses have potentially intense symptoms and can cause death.
5. Middle East respiratory syndrome-related Coronavirus: East respiratory syndrome-related Coronavirus (MERS-CoV) is spread from camels .This is the reason why this virus also known as camel flu. This virus is a member of Betacoronavirus, and its symptoms vary from mild to severe like fever, cough, diarrhea, and shortness of breath. It requires close contact to spread from an infected person to others. This disease is more severe in those who have a low immune system or have other health issues.
6. Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus: Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (SARS-CoV) infects humans, bats, and civets. This virus is also a member of Betacoronavirus genus and subgenus Sarbecoronavirus. This enveloped positive-sense single-stranded RNA virus infects the epithelial cells within the lungs. The severe acute respiratory syndrome is a disease caused by the SARS-CoV genome. Its starts initially from symptoms of muscle pain, headache, and fever, and then slowly it shows sign of respiratory symptoms like cough, dyspnea, and pneumonia in 2-14 days.In 2003, during the SARS outbreak, about 9% of patients died. Those who are above 60years are the ones affected by this virus.
7. Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2:Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is informally known as the Coronavirus.This virus causes a respiratory illness known as coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). This virus is discovered first in Wuhan, China, so sometimes called a Wuhan Virus. This virus is bat-borne. This virus spread from close-contact from an infected person or via respiratory droplets caused by coughs and sneezes in a range of 1.6 meters. This virus is spreading very fastly from Human-to-human and created the most number of deaths in the world. The World health organization declared this as the 2019-20 Coronavirus pandemic. Death due to Coronavirus are mainly those who have a low immune system or have other health issues like Diabetes, Asthma, High BP, or Heart Disease.
Is There Two Strain SARS-COV-2?
As per the analysis of 103 cases, New Coronavirus having two strains are spreading around the world. It also says the virus of type RNA like Coronavirus SARS-CoV2 always mutating or changing. As per Ian Jones at the University of Reading, Uk said then when a person gets infected with Coronavirus. It starts replicating in their respiratory tract, and whenever it reproduced, it produces a half a dozen genetic mutations.
World Health Organization does not agree with this fact that Coronavirus 2 is a mutation ( or changing).
Xiaolu Tan took the 103 cases of viral genome at Peking University, Beijing. They identified two different types of viruses based on minor differences in the genome. These two different types are known as “L-type” and “S-Type.” In this study, 72 were of “L-type,” and 29 were of “S-type.” Separate research also suggests that L-type is more aggressive then S-type.
What Are the Symptoms of COVID-19?
According to the World Health Organization, early symptoms of Coronavirus are:
Fatigue or Tiredness
Aches and pain
Losing sense of taste or smell (rare)
About 80% of the Covid-19 cases are mild, like a regular cold, and people recovered without any special treatment. And the remaining 20% have a higher risk of serious illness. It may cause pneumonia, respiratory failure, septic shock, and death. Most of the 20% of cases are older people with medical issues like high B.P., heart problems, asthma, or diabetes.
The National Health Service (NHS), the U.K. has identified the most common symptoms to look for :
New Continuous Cough
As of now, there are no antibiotics or antiviral drugs discovered to date, which can work against Coronavirus. People with a sound immune system recover quickly from this virus.
There are few severe symptoms which need attention:
Ongoing chest pain or pressure
· Problem in breathing or shortness of breath
If you get infected by Coronavirus, the above symptoms can show up in 2 days to 14 days.
How to identify that its Coronavirus, Flu, or common cold?
There is no guarantee to identify Coronavirus without the test. But yes, there are some basic rules to mark people like the suspect of COVID-19
A patient with high fever and at least one sign/ symptom of respiratory disease (e.g., cough, shortness of breath) as well as have travel history of places where Coronavirus has spread.
A patient with high fever and at least one sign/ symptom of respiratory disease (e.g., cough, shortness of breath) as well as being in contact with confirmed COVID-19 patient.
What Caused the New Coronavirus?
Coronavirus can affect different species of animals as well as people. Earlier two severe virus MERS and SARS also linked to animals. As per the Chinese Government, Coronavirus starts from bats in Wuhan, China. It started from the wet market i.e., seafood and animal market in China, where animal to person and then spread from person to person.
What Is Community Spread?
This term is used now a day’s very frequently all over the world. This term is used by Health officials and doctors when the source of infection is not known.
In the Case of COVID-19, Community Spread refers when a person gets infected by the virus without that person having travel history recently or not in touch with someone who traveled aboard recently or who has been suffering from COVID-19.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in California recorded the first case of community spread if COVID-19. A person with no recent travel history of affected area or exposed to anyone with Coronavirus infection.
How Fast Is It Spreading?
Coronavirus spread across the world. And there is no vaccine yet developed. That is why thousands of people died. You can check the latest updated coronavirus cases on our website.
How to Prevent the Spread of Coronavirus?
As we all know, the development of the Coronavirus vaccine will take some time for now. So, it’s better to prevent the spreading by the below steps:
Wash your hands: To kill the virus on hands, wash your hands with soap and water, or with alcohol-based sanitizer frequently.
Social distancing: If we maintain social distancing with people and live in isolation for sometime then we can stop spreading this virus. It may be possible that you are infected with Coronavirusand have no idea about it. So if you follow social distancing then you stop spreading virus. If you have to go outside for some work later, try to maintain the social distancing with people and maintain 6 feet distance.
Avoid touching your face: To avoid infected by Coronavirus, we also have to prevent touch our face regularly. As Coronavirus stays on surfaces for hours and if we touch those surfaces and then touch our face with hands then it can go inside your body and make you infected. ‘
Stay Clean, Stay Healthy: We must stay clean so that virus cannot remain on our body. It is also necessary to clean or disinfect the surface, which we touch regularly. Try to clean the surfaces like tables , doorknobs , light switches , toilet and faucets and sinks with household bleach or cleaner which is approved by government to treat SARS-COV-2. The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) released the list of disinfectant which can use against Coronavirus.
How to Wash Your Hands
Wash your hands with soap and water. Scrub your hands for 20 seconds with soap then rinse with water. The best technique you can follow in cleaning your hands.
When to wear a face mask
Face Mask is essential to wear by those who either exposed to SARS-Cov2 or already have COVID-19. Also, it’s necessary to wear a mask by those who are working in any health care organization. And also taking care of someone who already has COVID-19.
But for precautionary measures, if you go outside, it is better to wear a mask as you may come in contact with someone who exposed to COVID-19.
Is There a Vaccine?
No, their vaccines are developed by any company to prevent Coronavirus SARS-CoV2 infection. The clinical trial is going on in many countries like the U.S. and China to test the vaccine for Coronavirus SARS-CoV2.
Recently, a vaccine called mRNA-1273 by the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) at the Moderna, INC, a biotechnology company based in Cambridge, Massachusetts, with their collaborators. This vaccine is developed by using Messenger RNA (mRNA) –a genetic platform. This vaccine is already tested on animals and shown great results by forcing the body cells to release virus protein that will make robust the immune system to fight against the COVID19 virus. Now this vaccine will go through the human trial.
What Is the Treatment for COVID-19?
There is no specific treatment yet discovered for COVID-19, and also no vaccine currently available for the treatment of COVID-19. Right now, treatment for covid19 is symptomatic. For the patient with severe infection, oxygen therapy has shown excellent results and can be one of the significant inventions for the treatment of COVID-19.For oxygen therapy to respiratory failure refractory, Mechanical ventilation is necessary. For septic shock, hemodynamic support is essential.
Antibiotics are not working to treat COVID-19, as antibiotics can treat bacteria but no viruses. But yes, antibiotics are provided to all those patients who have an infection that come along COVID-19 disease.
In short, the best treatment for covid-19 is prevention. So try to follow the prevention mentioned above to remain safe with this global epidemic caused by covid-19.
Coronavirus is a new disease according to the CDC; these symptoms in covid-19 included:
According to WHO in a recent study provided detailed about COVID-19 symptoms included, such as fatigue, headache, chills, joint, and bone pain. After you exposed it may appear at least minimum 2days or maximum14 days
Advice to avoid coronavirus are
Try to wash your hands frequently and at least for 20-30 seconds each time.
When you come from outside, wash your hands, face, and feet, either take a bath properly.
Wash your hands after using the bathroom, before you prepare food, and when you started eating something.
If you have a cough and fever and you are caring for someone to use a sanitizer with at least70%alcohol.
People who have a fever or any acute respiratory syndrome avoid close contact with them.
Avoid touching your face regularly.
If you are sick, stay at home.
If you have cough pls, use the mask and covered your face with tissue or cloth.
Try to clean frequently touch objects with spray or soap.
Face masks effective or not :
If someone has the covid-19 disease, then using a mask is essential, it reduces the risk of giving someone else.
If you are using the regular mask and continue adjusting it, and touch your face continuously, which can eventually be increasing the risk. Mask will be safe you from sick people cough or sneezing If you are using regular mask wash it daily or you can through it until they are not reusable, Otherwise used good surgical masks more safe and sophisticated N95 are best to health workers.
If someone sick around you, that mask will save you from their cough, sneeze, and block droplets from a cold.
All the favor things said wash hand properly and avoid touching your face and mouth.
If you think you may have any virus or diseases, call your doctor first, don’t go directly to the doctor’s clinic. Because if you have an infection, then it may be spread of their office too. They suggest you for telemedicine, and if you have virus symptoms, then they contact with state or local health department for you. After diagnosis confirmed than Each test result is verified by the CDC.
How does COVID-19 spread
No one has answers that how does it cover because COVID-19 is new. but experts believe:
· When an infected person sneeze, handshake with them who are not infected, it will automatically spread to others. the virus-infected between person to person.
· People may realize about these symptoms very late it may spread the virus to other
· CDC not believed in the surface object is the primary way to spreading the virus but may be covered with the infected surface when a person may use contaminated surface, and then they touched their eye mouth and nose they automatically go infected
· Research said this virus is not airborne; then, your breathing air is safe for you.
· World has infected by this virus, CDC believes that not all the virus but COVID-19 spread quickly in the community
How long time this covid-19 life on the surface or outside of the body?
The Research said the official name of coronavirus id covid-19 might live on the surface for a few hours/days and few hours outside of the body.
The study found that it may be live on copper for 5hours and on cardboard for24hours. And can live for 2 to 3 days on plastic or steel.
The Research said people might get infected by getting in touch with an infected surface or object under real circumstances. Wash every packed item before using it may be the best idea to avoid the virus.
Covid-19 is worse than the Flu
According to Research at least 30million Americans infected by the Flu this season, regular Flu will dispose quickly, but covid19 is still running and 200000 confirmed with covid-19 patients worldwide.
Numbers are still increasing worldwide.
Covid -19 disease is more dangerous than Flu. The Flu’s estimated death rate is .1%, and the covid-19 death mortality rate is 3-4%. It is challenging to know the exact ratio of death rates because of deadly people cases not were diagnosed in recent times. The new England journal of medicine editorial said the actual ration of death might be closer to Flu in several seasons.
Anthony Fauci, Managing Director of National Institutes of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, has said that Flu treatment is known for all the doctors and scientists. Every year Flu has different faces, but still, the treatment plans already exist with some modifications. This covid-19 is new, then Research and learning on this continue; maybe it has multiple strains.
General Director of World Health Organization Mr. Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, said that people need to understand, Flu and covid-19 are both are different. Covid -19 is more dangerous and spread as compare to the Flu. The second big difference is that people get very seriously sick from COVID-19.
Many people have immunity built up to fight with the seasonal Flu. COVID-19 is a new and potent virus that requires a very high immunity system. Some people dare to compete with that and sustain to infection.
Not Yet any Vaccine for COVID-19
Not yet any vaccine for COVID-19, and at least a year away for a vaccine, but several companies working on it. Soon one vaccine trial will start human trials. National Institutes of Health-funded a trial and enrolled 40healthy people for tests and then verify the effect of different people.
No drug treatment yet discovered. In the case of normal fever, doctors give pain killers for pain and illness to a patient. And drink as much water as you can. People who are more severe and effected by this virus get admitted to the hospital. In the hospital, doctors give ventilators to them. WHO agency going through their Research.
Do not go outside of at least if there is no emergency because the virus is due to more by touched people and any object surface. Visit the CDC website for countries flagged.
COVID-19 outbreak Origin
Covid-29 first reported the outbreak in Wuhan China on Dec. 30, 2019.
Delhi, Capital Of India and a metropolitan city in north India.Delhi’s population is 11million around, which is the second-highest population city in India. And nearby cities of Delhi called National Capital Region(NCR), which is Noida Gurgaon Faridabad, and Ghaziabad had 26Million population in 2016.Delhi Has first ranked in India by Foreign Visitors and 28th ranked the most visited city in the World.
There are so many Tourist attractions historical as well as modern too. India Gate, Red Fort, Qutab Minar, Hauz Khas, Lotus temple, Jama Masjid, Parathe vali Gali many more.
Delhi is also a hub of Cheap and brand Shopping of all kinds. Sarojini Market, Lajpat Nagar market, Delhi Hatt, Chandni Chowk, Janpath, DLF Mall of India many More…..
Delhi has hosted Many national and International Sports events. Common Wealth 2010 game in New Delhi and its main stadium js Jalwahaar Lal Stadium, Lodhi Road . In Delhi, So many Cricket and Football ground because of the popularity of the Sports.
Places to visit in Delhi
Parathe wali Gali
Gurudwara Bangla Sahib
Kingdom of Dreams
Waste to Wonder park
The National Rail museum
Agrasen ki baoli
Garden of Five Senses
Feroz Shah Kotla Fort
The tomb of Safdarjung
Jamali Kamli Mosque and Tomb
The National Zoological Park
Mehrauli Archaeological Park
National Gallery of Modern Art
Indira Gandhi Memorial museum
Mehrauli Archaeological Park
In 1921 ,Edwin Lutyens designed India Gate at the Center of New Delhi Stands 42metre high. His Royal highness decided to dedicate this to soldiers who lost their lives fighting for the British Army During the World War1.
During Night,India Gate looks Dramatically illuminate with floodlights and the Fountain nearby gives beautiful display with colored lights. Surrounding structures is Large Green park that is Picnic Sport For Delhi people.
India Gate is Near Rajpath, and Nearby Metro Station is Pragati Maidan. Entry is Free For every day. India gate never gets close. Photography Charges is Nil.
Lotus Temple Arch Like Lotus Flower Shape and Its Become Prominent Attraction of City. All religions from different background , sex or other distinctions can enter in this Beautiful temple. After 2001 it Becomes More Visited Building In the World.
Lotus Temple House of Worship Situated At Near Okhla NSIC and Reached there via Kalkaji Metro.
Akshardham is the World’s Largest Comprehensive Hindu Temple located in New Delhi built by ornately Hand Carved Stone Within Five Years By 11000Artitst. It Shows the Ancient Architecture, Traditions, Spirituality, Culture of India. Temple Inaugurated on 6th November 2005.
Akshardham Located in Pandavnagar New Delhi, Nearest Metro Station Is Akshardham. Entry Time Is 9:30 AM to 6:30 PM.Complex Entry is Free But for Exhibition and Musical fountain, compulsory to buy a Ticket.
Red Fort(Lal Qila)
The Red Fort is Built in 1638 by Mughal Emperors to show Magnificent Power and Pomp. In Delhi, they mainly keep out the noise of the city. Every year On the 15th August (Independence Day of India) The Prime Minister Hoist The Indian Flag At the Main Gate Of The Fort.
Red Fort, located in Old Delhi and Nearest Metro Station is Chandni Chowk.Its is open from morning to evening with free entry.
In April 2020, Testing Experts Confirmed Across the U.S. testing that the virus ha been here for some time ad making people sick.
How would we know That Occasional Cough or Sneeze is COVID-19?
New World Health Organization analysis more than 55k cases Confirmed in china; these are the percentage of people and the breakdown of common symptoms.
If you feel about any symptoms, first call to doctor not directly go there clinic because that might spread the infection around the doctor’s clinic. And they may give you telemedicine visit
According to research, people take average sick time is 5days to get virus detected, some people fall ill within 2weeks, or some get faster after a day to get virus detected. That is the reason quarantine people for about 2weeks.
Dry Cough: 68%
Coughing or thick Phelgm, from the lungs: 33%
Shortness breath: 20%
Bone pain or joint pain: 17%
Sore throat: 15%
Nausea or vomiting: 6%
Stuffy nose: 6%
Coughing blood: 2%
Swollen eyes: 2%
COVID-19 is Different from other cold and flu; This Virus is an Upper respiratory tract infection. Where you feel sinus congestion and runny nose unless most of the virus symptoms are occur in the chest and lungs.
The Symptoms not seems immediately as most people not unheard of these symptoms.
China Has good news that most of the people who got sick by COVID-19 80%had mild to moderate symptoms.
The U.S. will Manage these symptoms by staying home, and doctors also feel the same there.
Director of Nation center for immunization and respiratory Diseases is Nancy Messonnier said for virus diseases that virus has new, and it spread from person to person. Immunity needs to fight with them.
She Said in the United state many people will get sick by this virus it maybe this year or to the next year. It is not fair to say that as the trajectory of the outbreak, but We do not know that people have immunity to fight with that virus.
In China, who had tested positive in COVID-19, About 20% of People Have different types of symptoms, which include deep breathing, which is more than 30 breaths in a minute, and their blood has low oxygen. When patients get hospitalized, they need extra oxygen and special air breath equipment.
Patients have a low energy level developed organ failure symptoms. In 20%patients, about 1% is going in a critical situation.
Who have medical conditions like high blood pressure, diabetes, lung disease, cancer, diabetes and seems highest risk for severe illness is COVID-19 patient and in China highest no of death has been in adult over the age of 70-80?
Messonnier said. “This is the time when you and your family to take action,”
Advised to take everyday precautions:
· Stay distance from sick people.
· Wash your hands every 15minutes
· Stay untouched surfaces in public places (like the elevator, lifts, and door handles).